II. Anatomy

  1. Development
    1. Anterior 2/3 from 1st branchial arch (CN VII)
    2. Posterior 1/3 from 2nd-3rd branchial arch (CN IX)
  2. Tongue Papillae
    1. Filiform Papillae (cover most of dorsal Tongue)
    2. Fungiform Papillae (scattered over dorsal surface)
    3. Circumvallate Papillae (near terminal sulcus)
  3. Salivary Glands
    1. Salivary Glands (present throughout Tongue)
  4. Images
    1. entTongueGrayBB850.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    2. entTongueGrayBB851.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    3. entTongueSagittalXsGrayBB1020.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
    4. entTongueMuscleGrayBB1019.gifLewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)

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Ontology: Tongue Diseases (C0040409)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Your tongue helps you taste, swallow, and chew. You also use it to speak. Your tongue is made up of many muscles. The upper surface contains your taste buds.

Problems with the tongue include

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Changes in color or texture
  • Abnormal movement or difficulty moving the tongue
  • Taste problems

These problems can have many different causes. Treatment depends on the underlying problem.

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D014060
ICD9 529.9
ICD10 K14.9 , K14
SnomedCT 69244009, 155533008, 196595001, 266496009, 155667007, 155665004
English Diseases, Tongue, Tongue Disease, Unspecified condition of the tongue, TONGUE DISORDER, Disease, Tongue, Disease of tongue, Disease of tongue, unspecified, Tongue diseases NOS, TONGUE DIS, Tongue Diseases, disorder of tongue, disorder of tongue (diagnosis), Disorder tongue, Tongue disorder NOS, Diseases of tongue, Tongue Diseases [Disease/Finding], diseases of the tongue, tongue disease, disease tongue, disease of tongue, tongue disorder, diseases tongue, diseases of tongue, disorders tongue, tongue diseases, tongue disorder disease, Tongue Disorders, Tongue diseases NOS (disorder), Tongue disease NOS, Tongue--Diseases, Tongue disorder, disease (or disorder); tongue, tongue; disorder, Disease of tongue, NOS, Tongue disorder, NOS, Disorder of tongue, Disease of tongue (disorder), Disorder of tongue (disorder), Tongue disorders
Dutch tongafwijkingen, aandoening tong, niet-gespecificeerde aandoeningen van de tong, tongaandoening NAO, aandoening; tong, tong; aandoening, Ziekte van tong, niet gespecificeerd, tongaandoening, Ziekten van tong, Tongziekte, Tongziekten, Ziekte, tong-, Ziekten, tong-
French Affections de la langue, Affection de la langue SAI, Affection non précisée de la langue, AFFECTION DE LA LANGUE, Trouble de la langue, Glossopathies, Maladies de la langue, Maladies linguales
German Erkrankungen der Zunge, unspezifische Affektion der Zunge, Erkrankung der Zunge NNB, Krankheit der Zunge, Krankheit der Zunge, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Krankheiten der Zunge, ZUNGENVERAENDERUNG, Erkrankung der Zunge, Zungenkrankheiten
Italian Patologia della lingua, Patologie della lingua, Condizione non specificata della lingua, Patologia della lingua NAS, Malattie della lingua
Portuguese Afecções da língua, Estado NE da língua, Afecção da língua NE, Afecção da língua, ALTERACOES DA LINGUA, Anomalia da língua, Doenças da Língua
Spanish Trastornos de la lengua, Trastorno de la lengua NEOM, Enfermedad no especificada de la lengua, enfermedad de la lengua (trastorno), LENGUA, TRASTORNO, enfermedades de la lengua, SAI (trastorno), Tongue diseases NOS, enfermedades de la lengua, SAI, Trastorno de la lengua, trastorno de la lengua, trastorno de la lengua (trastorno), enfermedad de la lengua, Enfermedades de la Lengua
Japanese 詳細不明の舌障害, 舌障害, 舌障害NOS, ショウサイフメイノゼツショウガイ, ゼツショウガイ, ゼツショウガイNOS
Swedish Tungans sjukdomar
Czech jazyk - nemoci, Poruchy jazyka, Blíže neurčený stav jazyka, Porucha jazyka NOS, Porucha jazyka
Finnish Kielen sairaudet
Korean 상세불명의 혀의 질환, 혀의 질환
Polish Choroby języka
Hungarian Nyelv betegség k.m.n., Nyelv nem meghatározott állapota, Nyelv betegségek, Nyelv betegség, Nyelvbetegség
Norwegian Tungesykdommer, Sykdommer i tungen