II. Definitions

  1. Hemiplegia
    1. Complete paralysis
  2. Hemiparesis
    1. Partial weakness

III. Causes

  1. Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA)
    1. Thrombosis, Embolism or Hemorrhage
  2. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
  3. Migraine syndrome
  4. Head Trauma
    1. Brain Contusion
    2. Subdural Hematoma
    3. Epidural Hematoma
  5. Todd's Paralysis
  6. Diabetes Mellitus
  7. Brain Tumor (Primary or metastatic disease)
  8. Infection
    1. Brain Abscess
    2. Encephalitis
    3. Subdural Empyema
    4. Meningitis
  9. Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma
  10. Vasculitis
  11. Demyelinating disease
    1. Multiple Sclerosis
    2. Acute necrotizing Myelitis
  12. Hereditary Disease
    1. Leukodystrophies
  13. Congenital or perinatal injury

IV. Symptoms

  1. Sudden unilateral extremity weakness, loss of function
  2. Reflects spinal cord or higher involvement

V. Signs: Lesion localization

  1. General
    1. Cortical lesion signs depend on dominant hemisphere
    2. Subcortical, Brainstem, and spinal cord are the same
  2. See Right Hemiplegia or Right Hemiparesis (dominant)
    1. Aphasia
    2. Cortical sensory loss
  3. See Left Hemiplegia or Left Hemiparesis (nondominant)
    1. Inattention (left sided neglect)
    2. Denial
    3. Constructional Apraxia
    4. Spatial Disorientation

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Ontology: Hemiparesis (C0018989)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D010291
SnomedCT 127377003, 20022000, 155029008, 192941004
English Hemipareses, HEMIPARESIS, hemiparesis (physical finding), hemiparesis, hemiparesis was seen, paresis of one side of body, paresis unilateral, Unilateral paresis (finding), Unilateral paresis (situation), body one side weakness, hemipareses, Hemiparesis (weakness on one side), Weakness of one side of body, Hemiparesis (disorder), Unilateral paresis, Hemiparesis
Portuguese HEMIPARESIA, Hemiparesia
Japanese 不全片麻痺, フゼンヘンマヒ, フゼンカタマヒ
Spanish Hemiparesia, HEMIPARESIA, hemiparesia (hallazgo), paresia unilateral, paresia unilateral (situación), debilidad de un lado del cuerpo, hemiparesia (trastorno), hemiparesia
French Hémiparésie, HEMIPARESIE
German Hemiparese, HEMIPARESE
Czech Hemiparéza, hemiparéza
Hungarian Hemiparesis
Norwegian Hemiparese
Italian Emiparesi
Dutch hemiparese, Hemiparese

Ontology: Hemiplegia (C0018991)

Definition (NCI) Paralysis of one side of the body.
Definition (MSH) Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.
Definition (PSY) Paralysis of one side of the body resulting from disease or injury to the brain or spinal cord.
Definition (CSP) severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body; this condition is usually caused by brain diseases that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness; less frequently, brain stem lesions; cervical spinal cord diseases, peripheral nervous system diseases, and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia.
Concepts Sign or Symptom (T184)
MSH D006429
ICD9 342.9
ICD10 G81 , G81.9
SnomedCT 192946009, 50582007, 192941004, 155029008
English Hemiplegia, Hemiplegias, HEMIPLEGIA, Hemiplegia NOS, Hemiplegia, unspecified, hemiplegia (symptom), hemiplegia, hemiplegia (physical finding), hemiparalysis, hemiplegia was seen, Paralysis one side of body, paralysis of one side of body, Hemiplegia [Disease/Finding], hemiplegia (diagnosis), Hemiplegia NOS (disorder), Hemiplegia (paralysis on one side), Hemiplegia (disorder), Hemiplegia, NOS
French HEMIPLEGIE, Paralysie d'un côté du corps, Hémiplégie, non précisée, Hémiplégie
Portuguese HEMIPLEGIA, Hemiplegia NE, Paralisia unilateral do corpo, Hemiplegia
Spanish HEMIPLEJIA, Hemiplejía no especificada, Parálisis de un lado del cuerpo, hemiplejía, SAI, hemiplejía, SAI (trastorno), hemiplejía (parálisis de un lado del cuerpo), hemiplejía (trastorno), hemiplejía, Hemiplejía
German HEMIPLEGIE, Hemiplegie, unspezifisch, Laehmung einer Koerperhaelfte, Hemiplegie, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Hemiplegie, Halbseitenlähmung
Dutch niet-gespecificeerde hemiplegie, paralyse eenzijdig, Hemiplegie, niet gespecificeerd, hemiplegie, Hemiplegie
Italian Emiplegia, non specificata, Emiplegia
Japanese 片側麻痺, 片麻痺、詳細不明, カタガワマヒ, ヘンソクマヒ, 半側麻痺, 半麻痺, 半身麻痺, 片麻痺, 半身不随, カタマヒ, ヘンマヒショウサイフメイ, カタマヒショウサイフメイ, ヘンマヒ
Swedish Förlamning, halvsidig
Czech hemiplegie, Hemiplegie, blíže neurčená, Hemiplegie, Ochrnutí jedné strany těla
Finnish Hemiplegia
Korean 상세불명의 편마비, 편마비
Polish Porażenie połowicze
Hungarian Féloldali bénulás, Hemiplegia, nem meghatározott, Hemiplegia
Norwegian Halvsidig lammelse, Hemiplegi, hemiparese