II. Indications: Anemia Evaluation

  1. Iron Deficiency Anemia from other Microcytic Anemias
  2. May increase before MCV becomes abnormal

III. Definition

  1. Measures size variability of Red Blood Cell population

IV. Normal

  1. Range: 11.5-14.5%

VI. Increased Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW)

  1. Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) Increased
    1. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
    2. Folate Deficiency
    3. Immune Hemolytic Anemia
    4. Liver disease
  2. Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) Normal
    1. RDW increases before MCV becomes abnormal
      1. Early Iron Deficiency Anemia
      2. Early Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      3. Early Folate Deficiency
    2. Anemic globinopathy
  3. Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) Decreased
    1. Iron Deficiency Anemia
    2. RBC fragmentation
    3. HbH
    4. Thalassemia intermedia

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