II. Physiology: Collagen

  1. Collagen is a polypeptide accounting for one third of all Protein in mammals
  2. Group of large fibrous Proteins (at least 29 unique types) that are the key component of connective tissue
    1. Also found in skin, bone, tendons, ligaments, teeth and blood vessels
    2. Forms a triple helix, that acts a structural Protein
  3. Collagen is composed of four Amino Acids (Proline, glycline, Lysine, hydroxyproline)
    1. Synthesis relies on nutritional intake of Vitamins and trace minerals (Vitamin C, zinc, copper, manganese)
  4. Collagen is damaged by environmental factors
    1. Tobacco Smoking
    2. Ultraviolet light or Sun Exposure

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