II. Physiology

  1. Blood Volume
    1. Child: 80-90 ml/kg (Blood Volume is 8-9% of body weight)
    2. Adult: 70 ml/kg (Blood Volume is 7% of body weight)
  2. Blood Distribution
    1. Venous circuit contains 60-70% of the Blood Volume
      1. Venous Vasoconstriction is a key mechanism to stabilize Blood Pressure in fluid loss
    2. Arteries and arterioles hold 15% of Blood Volume
    3. Capillaries hold 5% of Blood Volume

III. Images

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