II. Definitions

  1. Pulse Pressure
    1. Difference between systolic pressure and diastolic pressure
    2. Represents the force of cardiac contraction

III. Exam: Normal Pulse Pressure

  1. Range: 30-40 mmHg

IV. Causes: Wide (high) Pulse Pressure (>40 mmHg)

V. Causes: Narrow Pulse Pressure (<30 mmHg)

  1. Pathophysiology in Hypovolemic Shock
    1. Sympathetic response to decreased circulating Blood Volume
    2. Diastolic Blood Pressure increase without systolic Blood Pressure increase
  2. Causes
    1. Hypovolemic Shock or Hemorrhagic Shock
      1. May predict circulatory collapse in Trauma with Hemorrhage
      2. Prehospital Narrow Pulse Pressure predicts severe Trauma and need for aggressive Resuscitation
      3. Interpret in combination with Trauma Evaluation and other markers (Hypotension, Shock Index)
      4. Schellenberg (2021) J Surg Res 268:284-90 [PubMed]
    2. Tachycardia
    3. Severe Aortic Stenosis
    4. Constrictive Pericarditis
    5. Pericardial Effusion
    6. Ascites

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies