II. Mechanism

  1. Edema is typically due to salt and water retention unless otherwise noted

IV. Causes: Endocrine agents

V. Causes: Neurologic and Psychiatric Medications

  1. Antidepressants
    1. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
    2. Trazodone
  2. Antipsychotics: Phenothiazines
    1. Thioridazine (Mellaril)
    2. Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
    3. Trifluoperazine (Stelazine)
    4. Thiothixene (Navane)
  3. Neurologic Medications
    1. Dopamine Agonists such as Pramipexole (Mirapex)
    2. Gabapentin
    3. Pregabalin

VI. Causes: Chemotherapy

  1. Interleukin-2 (Increased Vascular permeability)
  2. Interleukin-4
  3. Interferon alfa
  4. Docetaxel (Taxotere)
  5. Cyclophosphamide
  6. Cyclosporine
  7. Mithramycin
  8. Cytosine Arbinoside
  9. Granulocyte colony-stmulating factor
  10. Granulocyte-Macrophage colony stimulating factor

VII. Causes: Miscellaneous agents

  1. Acyclovir (Zovirax)
  2. Buprenorphine
  3. Diuretic Abuse or Laxative abuse
    1. Increases renin and aldosterone levels
    2. Rebound salt retention on stopping medication
  4. Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
    1. Ibuprofen
    2. Celecoxib (Celebrex)

VIII. References

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