II. Causes: Hypokalemia due to Transcellular Potassium Shift

III. Causes: Hypokalemia due to Renal Potassium Loss

  1. See Renal Potassium Loss (Hyperkaluria)
  2. Hypertension (low renin and low Aldosterone)
    1. Exogenous Corticosteroids (e.g. Prednisone)
  3. Normotensive
    1. Hypomagnesemia
      1. See Hypomagnesemia Causes
    2. Diuretics (serum bicarbonate increased, Urine Chloride increased)
      1. Loop Diuretics
      2. Thiazide Diuretics
        1. Among the most common causes of Hypokalemia

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