II. Pathophysiology

  1. Excessive Vitamin D manifests as Hypercalcemia
    1. Risk of Nephrolithiasis, soft tissue calcification, Renal Injury, cardiovascular injury

III. Symptoms

IV. Labs

  1. Vitamin D >80-100 ng/ml

V. Risk Factors

  1. Primary Hyperparathyroidism
  2. Sarcoidosis or other Granulomatous conditions
  3. Cancers associated with Hypercalcemia

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