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|Definition (MSH)||A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).|
Asthma is a chronic disease that affects your airways. Your airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, the inside walls of your airways become sore and swollen. That makes them very sensitive, and they may react strongly to things that you are allergic to or find irritating. When your airways react, they get narrower and your lungs get less air.
Symptoms of asthma include
Not all people who have asthma have these symptoms. Having these symptoms doesn't always mean that you have asthma. Your doctor will diagnose asthma based on lung function tests, your medical history, and a physical exam. You may also have allergy tests.
When your asthma symptoms become worse than usual, it's called an asthma attack. Severe asthma attacks may require emergency care, and they can be fatal.
Asthma is treated with two kinds of medicines: quick-relief medicines to stop asthma symptoms and long-term control medicines to prevent symptoms.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
|Definition (NCI)||A chronic respiratory disease manifested as difficulty breathing due to the narrowing of bronchial passageways.|
|Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS)||A chronic disease in which the bronchial airways in the lungs become narrowed and swollen, making it difficult to breathe. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, tightness in the chest, shortness of breath, and rapid breathing. An attack may be brought on by pet hair, dust, smoke, pollen, mold, exercise, cold air, or stress.|
|Definition (CSP)||form of bronchial disorder associated with airway obstruction, marked by recurrent attacks of paroxysmal dyspnea, with wheezing due to spasmodic contraction of the bronchi.|
|Concepts||Disease or Syndrome (T047)|
|ICD10||J45 , J45.9, J45.909, J45.90|
|SnomedCT||21341004, 266365004, 187687003, 266398009, 155574008, 195979001, 155579003, 278517007, 195983001, 195967001|
|LNC||MTHU020815, LA10564-5, LA16982-3|
|English||Asthma, Bronchial, Asthmas, Bronchial Asthma, Asthma bronchial, Asthma NOS, Asthma unspecified, Asthma, unspecified, BRONCHIAL ASTHMA, asthma, asthma (diagnosis), Br. asthma, Bronchitic asthma, Unspecified asthma, Asthma [Disease/Finding], asthma disorders, asthmatic, br asthma, bronchial asthma, asthmatics, bronchitic asthma, Asthma unspecified (disorder), Asthma NOS (disorder), ASTHMA, -- Asthma, Airway hyperreactivity, Asthmatic, Bronchial asthma, Asthma (disorder), Asthma, NOS, Bronchial asthma, NOS, Asthma (disorder) [Ambiguous], Asthma|
|French||ASTHME, Asthme, non précisé, Asthme br., Bronchite asthmatique, Asthme SAI, Asthmatique, Asthme bronchitique, Asthme, Asthme bronchique|
|Portuguese||ASMA, Asma brônquica, Asma bronquítica, Asma NE, Asmático, Asma, Asma Brônquica|
|Spanish||ASMA, Asma NEOM, Asma bronquial, Bronquitis asmática, Asma no especificada, Asmático, Asma bronquítico, asma no especificado (trastorno), asma no especificado, Asthma (disorder), asma no especificada (trastorno), asma no especificada, asma, SAI (trastorno), asma, SAI, asma (concepto no activo), asma (trastorno), asma bronquial, asma, Asma, Asma Bronquial|
|German||ASTHMA, asthmatisch, Asthma unspezifisch, bronchitisches Asthma, Asthma NNB, Asthma bronchial, br.F3589 Asthma, Asthma bronchiale, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Asthma bronchiale, Asthma, Bronchial-Asthma|
|Dutch||astmatische bronchitis, bronchiaal astma, niet-gespecificeerd astma, astma NAO, astmatisch, Astma, niet gespecificeerd, astma, Astma, Asthma bronchiale, Astma, bronchiaal, Bronchiaal astma|
|Italian||Asmatico, Bronchite asmatica, Asma NAS, Asma, non specificata, Asma bronchiale, Asma|
|Japanese||喘息ＮＯＳ, 喘息性, 気管支炎様喘息, 喘息、詳細不明, ｾﾞﾝｿｸNOS, ｾﾞﾝｿｸｾｲ, ｾﾞﾝｿｸｼｮｳｻｲﾌﾒｲ, ｾﾞﾝｿｸ, ｷｶﾝｼｾﾞﾝｿｸ, ｷｶﾝｼｴﾝﾖｳｾﾞﾝｿｸ, 気管支喘息, 喘息, 急性可逆性気道閉塞, ぜん息, 喘息-気管支|
|Czech||astma, Astma, Br. astma, Astmatická bronchitida, Bronchiální astma, Astma, blíže neurčené, Astmatický, Astma NOS, asthma bronchiale, průduškové astma, astma bronchiale|
|Russian||BRONKHIAL'NAIA ASTMA, ASTMA BRONKHIAL'NAIA, АСТМА БРОНХИАЛЬНАЯ, БРОНХИАЛЬНАЯ АСТМА|
|Korean||천식, 상세불명의 천식|
|Polish||Astma, Astma oskrzelowa, Dychawica oskrzelowa|
|Hungarian||Asthma, Asthmatikus, Asthma k.m.n., Asthma, k.m.n., Bronchialis asthma, Asthma, bronchitises, Asthmaticus bronchitis|