II. Epidemiology

  1. Very high Incidence of use at clubs and rave parties
    1. Fendrich (2003) Addiction 98:1693-703 [PubMed]

III. History: Illicit Uses

  1. Date Rape (intoxicates unaware victim)
  2. Used at parties to "intensify social experiences"

IV. Symptoms

  1. One minute without symptoms
  2. Next minute "drunk" with severe Intoxication
    1. Drowsiness
    2. Fatigue
    3. Impaired motor skills
    4. Severe Nausea and Vomiting
    5. Dizziness
  3. Later
    1. Amnesia of events

V. Preparations: Commonly used substances

  1. Alcohol
    1. Most common substance associated with Sexual Assault
  2. Stimulants (Used as Club Drugs)
    1. Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy)
    2. Methamphetamine and other Amphetamines
  3. Hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)
  4. Depressants (Used as Date Rape Drug)
    1. Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB)
    2. Burundanga
    3. Ketamine
    4. Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol)
      1. Benzodiazepine sold legally in Europe and Latin America
      2. Accounts for 5% of U.S. Date Rape Drugs

VII. Management: Intoxication

  1. See Unknown Ingestion
  2. Stimulant intake suspected
    1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity

VIII. Prevention: Reduce risk of Date Rape Drug exposure

  1. Do not leave beverages unattended
  2. At a bar, accept drink only from bartender or waiter
  3. At parties, do not accept open drinks from anyone
  4. Be alert to behavior of friends
    1. Disproportionately inebriated to level Alcohol intake
    2. Pursue emergency care for suspected drug intake

IX. Resources

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies

Ontology: Club Drugs (C1456651)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

The term club drug refers to a wide variety of dangerous drugs. These drugs are often used by young adults at all-night dance parties, dance clubs, and bars. They include

  • Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), also known as Ecstasy XTC, X, E, Adam, Molly, Hug Beans, and Love Drug
  • Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), also known as G, Liquid Ecstasy, and Soap
  • Ketamine, also known as Special K, K, Vitamin K, and Jet
  • Rohypnol, also known as Roofies
  • Methamphetamine, also known as Speed, Ice, Chalk, Meth, Crystal, Crank, and Glass
  • Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD), also known as Acid, Blotter, and Dots

Club drugs are also sometimes used as "date rape" drugs, to make someone unable to say no to or fight back against sexual assault. Club drugs can cause serious health problems and sometimes death. They are even more dangerous if you use them with alcohol.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Concepts Hazardous or Poisonous Substance (T131) , Organic Chemical (T109)
English Club Drugs