II. Mechanism

  1. Dipstick detects RBC peroxidase activity

III. Interpretation: Normal

  1. Negative

IV. Interpretation: Positive (Urine Dipstick with blood)

  1. Dipstick blood must be confirmed with microscopic exam
  2. See Microscopic Hematuria for confirmatory exam
    1. Diagnosis of Microscopic Hematuria: 3 RBCs/hpf
  3. Causes
    1. See Adult Microscopic Hematuria Causes
    2. See Hematuria in Children

V. Causes: False Positive occult blood on Urine Dipstick

  1. Dehydration
  2. Exercise
  3. Hemoglobinuria
  4. Myoglobinuria
  5. Non-urinary tract blood source (e.g. Menses)
  6. Alkalotic urine (pH >9)

VI. Causes: False Negative occult blood on Urine Dipstick

  1. Captopril
  2. Vitamin C supplementation
  3. Increased Urine Specific Gravity
  4. Urine pH 5.0 or less
  5. Proteinuria

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