II. Causes: Common

  1. Idiopathic (Most common cause)
  2. Viral Infection (esp. Coxsackievirus)
  3. Myocardial Infarction
  4. Medication Causes of Pericarditis
  5. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

IV. Causes: Cardiovascular

  1. Thoracic Aortic Dissection
  2. Post-cardiac procedures (e.g. PTCA, Cardiac Ablation, Pacemaker placement)
  3. Chest Trauma
  4. Myocardial Infarction
    1. Acute Myocardial Infarction (in first 2-4 days following event)
    2. Post-MI Syndrome (Dressler's Syndrome, occurs in weeks to months following event)

V. Causes: Malignancy

  1. Malignant Pericardial Effusion: 15% of cancer patients
  2. Metastatic
    1. Breast Cancer (most common)
    2. Lung Cancer (most common)
    3. Leukemia
    4. Lymphoma
    5. Malignant Melanoma
  3. Primary
    1. Sarcoma
    2. Mesothelioma
  4. Cancer treatment complications
    1. Chest radiation
    2. Chemotherapy

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