II. Techniques

  1. Blood Doping (Blood Boosting)
    1. pRBC Units donated well before an event
    2. pRBC transfused immediately before an event
  2. Recombinent Erythropoietin (rEPO)
    1. Stimulates red cell mass
    2. Very expensive
    3. Same effect as Blood Doping

III. Adverse Effects

  1. Hypercoagulation risk may be fatal
    1. Deep Vein Thrombosis
    2. Pulmonary Embolism
    3. Cerebrovascular Accident
    4. Myocardial Infarction
    5. Eighteen deaths by European Cyclists who blood doped
  2. Transfusion Reaction
  3. Bloodbourne infection (including HIV)

IV. Efficacy

  1. Increases performance in endurance sports (e.g. long-distance cycling)

V. Detection

  1. Not detected, but banned by olympic committee 1984

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