II. Definition

  1. Transcutaneous medication delivery to deeper tissues potentiated by electrical current

III. Mechanism

  1. Cathodes are used to drive in negatively charged substances
  2. Anodes drive in positively charged particles

IV. Protocol

  1. Medication applied to skin (e.g. Dexamethasone 0.4% for local inflammation)
  2. Cathode or anode applied per substance used as described above
  3. Amperage adjusted for skin resistance

V. Indications

VI. Contraindications

  1. Avoid over open wound sites, metallic implanted devices, pins, staples, or wires
  2. Peripheral Neuropathy or other sites with decreased Sensation

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