II. Definitions

  1. Agoraphobia
    1. Anxiety in a public or crowded place without easy escape
    2. Avoidance behavior to prevent Panic Attack in these settings

III. Findings: Types of activities avoided by patients with Agoraphobia

  1. Being distant from home
  2. Being separated from their safe person
  3. Physical exertion associated with Panic Attacks
  4. Going to enclosed places without easy egress or escape
    1. Restaurant or theater
    2. Store
    3. Public transportation
  5. Driving
  6. Social events where Panic Attack would be embarrassing
  7. Substance ingestion that would provoke attack
    1. Foods or medications
    2. Alcohol
    3. Caffeine

IV. Diagnosis: DSM5

  1. Marked fear or anxiety about actual or anticipated exposure in public spaces, lasting >6 months
  2. Occurs most of the time in two of five common, different situations
    1. Using public transportation
    2. Being in open spaces
    3. Being in enclosed spaces (e.g. theater)
    4. Standing in a line or crowd
    5. Being outside alone
  3. Fear is out of proportion to actual danger of situations
  4. Diagnosis requires both fear of public places AND active attempts to avoid these situations
  5. Results in Clinically Significant functional Impairment

V. References

  1. (2013) DSM-5, APA

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Related Studies

Ontology: Agoraphobia (C0001818)

Definition (NCI) An anxiety disorder characterized by an intense, irrational fear of venturing out into open places or situations in which help (or escape) might not be available should excessive anxiety or panic symptoms develop.
Definition (MSH) Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.
Definition (PSY) Excessive fear of being alone, or being in public places or situations (e.g., in crowds or elevators) from which there is no easy escape or where help cannot be obtained in the event of an incapacitating reaction or panic.
Definition (CSP) intense, irrational fear of open spaces, characterized by marked fear of being alone or of being in public places where escape would be difficult or help might not be available.
Concepts Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction (T048)
MSH D000379
ICD10 F40.0 , F40.00
SnomedCT 154885006, 192394003, 70691001, 247830007
LNC LP121554-2, MTHU039828
Japanese 広場恐怖症, ヒロバキョウフショウ, 広場恐怖, ヒロバキョウフ
Swedish Torgskräck
Czech agorafobie, Strach z otevřených prostranství, Agorafobie
Finnish Julkisten paikkojen pelko
Spanish Miedo a los espacios abiertos, agorafobia (trastorno), agorafobia, miedo a los espacios abiertos (hallazgo), miedo a los espacios abiertos, temor a los lugares abiertos, Agorafobia
Italian Paura di spazi aperti, Agorafobia
Dutch angst voor open ruimtes, agorafobie, Agorafobie, Pleinvrees
German Furcht vor offenen Plaetzen, Agoraphobie, Platzangst
Portuguese Medo de espaços abertos, Agorafobia
English Agoraphobia, Agoraphobia, unspecified, Agoraphobia [Disease/Finding], fear open spaces, agoraphobias, fear of open spaces, agoraphobia, agoraphobia (diagnosis), [X]Agoraphobia, Agoraphobias, Fear of open places, Fear of open spaces, Phobia of going out, Fear of open spaces (finding), Agoraphobia (disorder), Agoraphobia, NOS
Korean 광장공포증
French Peur des lieux ouverts, Agoraphobie
Polish Agorafobia, Lęk przestrzeni
Hungarian Agoraphobia, Félelem nyitott terektől
Norwegian Agorafobi, Plassfobi