II. Preparations: Non-Rebreathing Mask with reservoir

  1. Delivers only 60-70% Oxygen at 15 L/min
    1. Previously described as delivering 95% FIO2 (leakage around mask prevents this)
    2. Standard Anesthesia masks have tighter seal and achieve closer to 95% FIO2
    3. Increasing flow above 15 L/min if regulator allows can achieve closer to 90% FIO2
      1. Alternatively concurrently apply Nasal Cannula at 15 lpm with Non-Rebreather Mask
  2. Two valves added to rebreathing mask prevents:
    1. Entrainment of room air during inspiration
    2. Retention of exhaled gases during expiration

III. Preparations: Oxygen Hood

  1. Clear plastic shell encompasses the baby's head
  2. Well tolerated by infants
  3. Size of hood limits use to younger than age 1 year
  4. Allows easy access to chest, trunk, and extremities
  5. Allows control of Oxygen Delivery
    1. Oxygen concentration
    2. Inspired oxygen Temperature and humidity
  6. Delivers 80-90% oxygen at 10-15 liter per minute

IV. References

  1. (1997) Pediatric Advanced Life Support, AHA, p. 4-5 to 4-7
  2. (2016) Fundamental Critical Care Support, SCCM, p. 45-60

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