II. Causes: General Triggers

  1. Physical Exertion or Exercise
  2. Stress, worry, anxiety or mental health condition exascerbations
  3. Menstruation (see Menstrual Migraine)
  4. Pungent odors or perfumes
  5. Smoke exposure
  6. Sleep deprived, Fatigue or excessive sleep
  7. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  8. Glare from the sun or fluorescent lights
  9. Weather or Ambient changes
  10. High humidity
  11. High altitude
  12. Head Trauma
  13. Drinking cold water
    1. Mattsson (2001) Cephalalgia 21(3):230-5 [PubMed]

IV. Causes: Food Triggers

  1. Tyramines
    1. See Tyramine-Vasoactive Amines
    2. Chocolate (highly specific for Migraine Headache)
    3. Alcohol
    4. Red wine
    5. Aged cheese or soft cheese
  2. Caffeine (overuse or withdrawal)
  3. Cold food
  4. Missed meals
  5. Additives
    1. Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
    2. Artificial Sweeteners (e.g. Aspartame)

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