II. Epidemiology

  1. Vector Borne Disease causes 17% of worldwide infections (in 2016)

III. Precautions

  1. See Fever in the Returning Traveler
  2. See Fever of Unknown Origin
  3. Consider vector borne illness in those with fever or flu-like illness in late spring and summer
  4. Consider travel history and potential exposures to endemic vectors (e.g. deer Tick Bites)

V. Transmission: Worldwide Vector Borne illnesses

  1. Malaria
  2. Schistosomiasis
  3. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
    1. Dengue (most common vector-borne virus worldwide)
    2. Lassa Fever
  4. Typhus
  5. Rickettsial
  6. Rift Valley Fever
  7. Trypanosomiasis
    1. African: Sleeping sickness (Tsetse flies)
    2. American: Chagas Disease (Reduviid bugs)
  8. Yellow Fever
  9. Zika Virus

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Related Studies

Ontology: Mosquito-borne infectious disease (C0521831)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
SnomedCT 4730003
English Mosquito-borne disease, NOS, Mosquito-borne infectious disease (disorder), Mosquito-borne infectious disease (navigational concept), Mosquito-borne infectious disease, Mosquito-borne infectious disease, NOS
Spanish enfermedad infecciosa transmitida por mosquitos (concepto para navegación), enfermedad infecciosa transmitida por mosquitos (trastorno), enfermedad infecciosa transmitida por mosquitos, enfermedad infecciosa transportada por mosquito (trastorno), enfermedad infecciosa transportada por mosquito

Ontology: Vector-borne transmission of infection (C0854463)

Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
Italian Trasmissione di infezione mediata da vettore
Japanese 節足動物媒介性伝播, セッソクドウブツバイカイセイデンパ
Czech Přenos infekce prostřednictvím vektoru
English Vector-borne transmission of infection
Hungarian vector-által terjesztett fertőzés
Portuguese Transmissão da infecção por meio de vector
Spanish Transmisión de la infección por vectores
Dutch vectoriële overdracht van infectie
French Transmission par un vecteur
German durch einen Vektor uebertragene Infektion