II. Pathophysiology

  1. Transmission
    1. Fleas have no wings and move by jumping
  2. Dog or cat fleas (Ctenocephalides )
    1. Fleas jump from their typical hosts (dogs and cats) to humans to inflict their bites
  3. Human fleas (Pulex irritans)
    1. Associated with unsanitary conditions and poor hygiene

III. Associated Conditions: Diseases for which fleas are vectors

IV. Signs

  1. Pruritic Papules
  2. Distribution
    1. Ankles most commonly affected

V. Management

VI. Prevention

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