II. Most common Ascites Causes (90% of cases)

III. Causes by location

  1. Peritoneal source
    1. Tuberculosis
    2. Bacterial, fungal or Parasitic Disease
    3. Cancer (Malignant Ascites)
    4. Vasculitis
    5. Whipple's Disease
    6. Familial Mediterranean fever
    7. Endometriosis
    8. Starch peritonitis
  2. Extra-peritoneal source
    1. Cirrhosis (Cirrhotic Ascites)
    2. Congestive Heart Failure
    3. Budd-Chiari Syndrome
    4. Hypoalbuminemia
      1. Nephrotic Syndrome
      2. Protein-losing Enteropathy
      3. Malnutrition
    5. Myxedema
    6. Ovarian disease (e.g. Meigs' Syndrome)
    7. Pancreatic disease
    8. Chylous Ascites

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Ontology: Ascites (C0003962)

Definition (CHV) An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
Definition (CHV) An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
Definition (NCI_CTCAE) A disorder characterized by accumulation of serous or hemorrhagic fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Definition (NCI) Accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The fluid may be serous, hemorrhagic, or the result of tumor metastasis to the peritoneum.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) Abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen that may cause swelling. In late-stage cancer, tumor cells may be found in the fluid in the abdomen. Ascites also occurs in patients with liver disease.
Definition (MSH) Accumulation or retention of free fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
Definition (CSP) effusion and accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity.
Concepts Finding (T033)
MSH D001201
ICD9 789.5
ICD10 R18 , R18.8
SnomedCT 207252009, 207254005, 158530005, 13124004, 389026000
French ASCITE, Ascite, Ascites, Épanchement péritonéal
Portuguese ASCITE, Ascite
Spanish ASCITIS, [D]ascitis (categoría dependiente del contexto), [D]ascitis, SAI (categoría dependiente del contexto), líquido ascítico, [D]ascitis, SAI (situación), [D]ascitis (situación), [D]ascitis, [D]ascitis, SAI, hidroperitoneo, ascitis (trastorno), ascitis, Ascitis
German ASZITES, Aszites
English [D]Ascites, [D]Ascites NOS, [D]Ascites (context-dependent category), [D]Ascites NOS (context-dependent category), abdominal dropsy, hydrops abdominis, peritoneal dropsy, peritoneal exudate, hydroperitonia, abdominal ascites, ascites (physical finding), ascites (diagnosis), ascites, abdomen ascites, ascites was discovered, Ascites NOS, Ascites [Disease/Finding], [D]Ascites (situation), [D]Ascites NOS (situation), ASCITES, Hydroperitoneum, Hydroperitonia, Abdominal dropsy, Hydrops abdominis, Peritoneal dropsy, Ascites (disorder), abdominis; hydrops, hydroperitoneum, hydrops; abdominis, Ascites, NOS, Ascites
Japanese 腹水, フクスイ
Swedish Vätska i buken
Czech ascites, Ascites
Finnish Askites
Korean 복수
Croatian ASCITES
Polish Wodobrzusze, Puchlina brzuszna
Hungarian Ascites
Norwegian Ascites, Væske i bukhulen
Dutch abdominis; hydrops, hydrops; abdominis, ascites, Ascites
Italian Ascite