Anterior translation of adjacent Vertebrae >3.5 mm
Rotation or angulation >11 degrees
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FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 7146 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and 738 chapters. Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences.
Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians.
This page was written by Scott Moses, MD, last revised on 1/6/2017 and last published on 11/30/2022.