II. Epidemiology

  1. Incidence highest in middle age and over 60 years old (especially smokers)
  2. Men more commonly affected

III. Pathophysiology

  1. Squamous Cell Carcinoma (90% of malignant Larynx)

IV. Risk Factors

V. Symptoms

  1. Chronic Hoarseness (longer than 2 weeks)
  2. Pharyngitis (especially unilateral)
  3. Odynophagia
  4. Otalgia
  5. Dysphagia
  6. Dyspnea
  7. Hemoptysis

VI. Signs: Laryngeal Exam

  1. Early Findings
    1. Small, white Plaques or erythematous Nodule
    2. Findings may be subtle
  2. Advanced findings
    1. Exophytic mass lesion or ulceration on Vocal Cords
    2. Immobility of the vocal cord may suggest invasion

VII. Management

  1. Surgical excision with or without radiation

VIII. Prognosis:

  1. Five year survival if lesion on true cords: >80%
  2. Five year survival if lesion above true cords: >50%

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