II. Pathophysiology

  1. No organic abnormality of Bladder
  2. Incontinence due to decreased acces to toilet
    1. Cognitive, physical, or social Impairment

III. Symptoms

IV. Causes

  1. Dementia
  2. Delirium
  3. Major Depression
  4. Physical Impairment with limited assistance
    1. Osteoarthritis or other limited mobility
    2. Restraints

V. Management

  1. Scheduled voiding time
  2. Modify environment to maximize toilet access
  3. External collection devices or catheters

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