II. Indications

III. Contraindications

  1. Diagnostic ERCP (too high risk for diagnostic purposes only)
    1. Replaced by MRCP, endoscopic Ultrasound

IV. Complications: Occur in 4-10% of cases

  1. Acute Pancreatitis (highest risk, reduced with pancreatic stenting)
  2. Hemorrhage
  3. Perforation
  4. Ascending Cholangitis
  5. Cholecystitis

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