II. Epidemiology

  1. Presents at age 4 to 7 years old

III. Pathophysiology

  1. Tibia externally rotates with growth

IV. Signs

  1. Foot Progression Angle positive (externally rotated foot)
  2. Thigh foot angle >30 degrees

V. Management

  1. Surgery is typically avoided until after age 10 years old
  2. High complication rate with surgery

VI. Complications

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