II. Epidemiology

  1. Incidence Peripartum Infection: 5-7% (higher following Cesarean Section)

III. Causes

  1. Female genital tract is most common source (esp. Surgical Site Infections)
  2. See Differential Diagnosis

IV. Risk Factors: Postpartum Infection (esp. Surgical Site Infection)

V. Diagnosis

  1. Postpartum Fever is Temperature >38.5 in the first 24 hours after delivery

VI. Differential Diagnosis: Seven W's of Maternal Fever

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Ontology: Puerperal Infection (C0034041)

Definition (CSP) infection occurring in the puerperium or postpartum period.
Definition (MSH) An infection occurring in PUERPERIUM, the period of 6-8 weeks after giving birth.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D011645
English Infection, Puerperal, Infections, Puerperal, Puerperal Infections, Puerperal Infection, PUERPERAL INFECT, INFECT PUERPERAL, Puerperal Infection [Disease/Finding], Infection;puerperal, Puerperal infections, Puerperal infection, puerperal infection, puerperal infection (diagnosis), infection; puerperal, puerperal; infection
Italian Infezioni puerperali, Infezione puerperale
Swedish Barnsängsinfektioner
Czech puerperální infekce, Infekce v šestinedělí, Puerperální infekce, horečka omladnic, febris puerperalis, poporodní horečka
Finnish Lapsivuodeinfektio
Polish Gorączka połogowa, Zakażenie okołoporodowe, Zakażenie połogowe
Hungarian Puerperalis fertőzések, Puerperalis fertőzés
Japanese 感染症-産褥, 産褥感染症, サンジョクキカンセン, 産褥期感染, 産じょく感染症, 産褥感染
Norwegian Barselfeber, Barseltidsinfeksjoner, Puerperale infeksjoner
Dutch puerperale infectie, infectie; puerperaal, puerperium; infectie, puerperiuminfecties, Infectie, puerperale, Puerperale infectie
German Puerperalinfektion, Puerperalinfektionen, Puerperale Infektion, Wochenbettinfektionen
Portuguese Infecção puerperal, Infecções puerperais, Infecção Puerperal
Spanish Infección puerperal, Infecciones puerperales, Infección Puerperal
French Infections puerpérales, Fièvre puerpérale, Infection puerpérale

Ontology: Maternal pyrexia (C0574078)

Concepts Finding (T033)
SnomedCT 297224001
English Maternal pyrexia (context-dependent category), Maternal pyrexia (situation), Maternal pyrexia
Spanish pirexia materna (situación), pirexia materna (categoría dependiente del contexto), pirexia materna

Ontology: pyrexia; during labor (C1405935)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
English pyrexia; during labor
Dutch pyrexie; tijdens bevalling