II. Signs

  1. Pronounced, intractable middle ear pathology
    1. Thickened Tympanic Membrane
    2. Tympanic Membrane calcific white patches
    3. Perforated Tympanic Membrane
  2. Ear discharge (Otorrhea)

III. Etiologies

IV. Management

  1. Topical or Systemic antibiotics to clear infection
  2. Surgical correction of Tympanic Membrane defect

V. Complications: Infectious

  1. Labyrinthitis
  2. Meningitis
  3. Extradural abscess
  4. Subdural Empyema
  5. Otogenic abscess
  6. Lateral sinus Thrombophlebitis

VI. Complications: General

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