II. Indications

  1. Assessment of febrile child (>38 C) aged 28-89 days
  2. Reassures against serious infection (Occult Bacteremia)

III. Criteria: Reassuring if all criteria are present

  1. Well appearing infant
  2. No skeletal, soft tissue, skin or ear infections
  3. No confounding factors
    1. No Immunizations in preceding 48 hours
    2. No antibiotics in preceding 48 hours
    3. Not dehydrated
  4. Normal labs
    1. CSF <10 cells/mm3
    2. Urinalysis <10 WBC/hpf
    3. WBC <20,000/mm3
    4. Chest XRay without infiltrate

IV. Interpretation

  1. Higher risk
    1. Admit and start empiric antibiotics
  2. Lower risk (all reassuring criteria met)
    1. Occult Bacteremia occurred in 5% of patients studied and these criteria did not rule-out Occult Bacteremia
    2. Supports discharge with antibiotics and with close interval follow-up
      1. Infants with all reassuring criteria present were safely discharged to home in the study
      2. All discharged infants were given empiric Ceftriaxone and followed up in 24 hours

V. Efficacy

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