II. Definition

  1. Discrepancy between each eye's Refractive Errors

III. Epidemiology

  1. Second most common cause of Amblyopia

IV. Pathophysiology

  1. Large difference in Refractive Error between eyes
  2. "Good" eye favored
  3. "Bad" eye
    1. Nearsighted
    2. Farsighted
    3. Strabismus

V. Screening

  1. Visual Acuity testing (start screening early)
  2. Strabismus Testing

VI. Management

  1. Correction of Refractive Error
    1. Eyeglasses
    2. Contact Lenses
  2. Correction of coexisting Amblyopia

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