II. Definition

  1. Highly vascular variant of Capillary Hemangioma

III. Epidemiology

  1. Common lesion in children and young adults

IV. Causes

  1. Often idiopathic
  2. Prior Trauma (esp. penetrating injury) or Burn Injury
  3. Viral Infection

V. Symptoms

  1. Bleeding from friable lesion
    1. Occurs with minimal Trauma

VI. Signs

  1. Characteristics
    1. Initial
      1. Small bright red, purple to yellow dome-shaped Papule
      2. Grows rapidly into Nodule
      3. Moist, glistening surface
      4. Often pedunculated, pulpy vascular lesions
      5. Surrounded by Scaling collarette
    2. Later
      1. Fibrous lesion similar to fibroma
  2. Distribution
    1. Head and neck
    2. Eyelid (most common acquired Eyelid lesion)
    3. Extremities
      1. Finger tips
      2. Lateral nailfold (periungual)
    4. Gingiva or other mucosal surface
      1. Occurs in infants, children and young adults
      2. Pregnant women (Epulis gravidarum)
        1. Onset in 2% of women in late first trimester, second trimester and resolves with delivery

VIII. Management

  1. Shave excision with electrodesiccation and curretage (or laser ablation)
  2. Send lesion for pathology due to differential diagnosis
  3. Recurs if not completely excised

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