II. Types

  1. Type 1: Acute Renal Failure due to an acute decrease in Cardiac Function (e.g. Cardiogenic Shock)
  2. Type 2: Chronic Renal Failure due to chronic cardiac dysfunction (e.g. chronic CHF)
  3. Type 3: Acute Renal Failure results in acute decreased Cardiac Function (e.g. Acute Kidney Injury)
  4. Type 4: Chronic Renal Failure results in chronic cardiac dysfunction (e.g. Chronic Kidney Disease)
  5. Type 5: Systemic disease results in both Chronic Kidney Disease and chronic cardiac dysfunction (e.g. Diabetes Mellitus)

III. References

  1. Kousa (2023) Cardiorenal Syndrome, StatPearls, Treasure Island, FL
    1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK542305/

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