II. Epidemiology: Incidence of Health Care Associated Infection

  1. Summary (in United States)
    1. Total: 1.7 Million cases/year
    2. Responsible for 90,000 deaths/year (equivalent to the seventh leading cause of death in U.S. )
  2. By Cause (in United States)
    1. Surgical Site Infection: 157,500 cases/year
    2. Urinary Catheter associated Urinary Tract Infection: 93,300 cases/year
    3. Clostridium difficile: 80,400 cases/year
    4. Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection: 71,900 cases/year
    5. Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: 49,900 cases/year

IV. Prevention

  1. See specific types of Health Care Associated Infection
  2. See Handwashing
  3. Hand Hygiene before and after procedures
  4. Insert devices only while using sterile technique, only when absolutely indicated and for no longer than absolutely necessary

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Related Studies

Ontology: Infection as complication of medical care (C0274432)

Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
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English infection due to medical care, infection due to medical care (diagnosis), Infection as complication of medical care, Infection as complication of medical care (disorder), Infection as complication of medical care, NOS
Spanish infección como complicación de la atención médica (trastorno), infección como complicación de la atención médica, infección como complicación del cuidado médico

Ontology: Healthcare associated infectious disease (C1443236)

Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
SnomedCT 408678008
LNC LP76224-2, LA20771-4
English Healthcare Associated Infection, Healthcare-associated Infection, Healthcare associated infection, Healthcare associated infectious disease (disorder), Healthcare associated infectious disease
Spanish enfermedad infecciosa asociada con la atención médica (trastorno), enfermedad infecciosa asociada con la atención médica