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Reversible Causes of Cardiopulmonary Arrest

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Reversible Causes of Cardiopulmonary Arrest, 5H5T, 6H6T, Never Carry Bling Through Gloomy Antwerp Mnemonic, Empiric Measures to Consider in Cardiac Arrest

  • Conditions
  • Background
  1. Mnemonic: 6H 6T
  • Causes
  • Other
  1. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (5% of Cardiac Arrests)
    1. Cardiac Arrest triggered by Catecholamine surge with Macrophage infiltration into left ventricle
  • Management
  • Empiric Therapies
  1. Six empiric therapies to consider in Cardiac Arrest
  2. Mnemonic: "Never Carry Bling Through Gloomy Antwerp"
    1. Needle
      1. Emergency Pericardiocentesis (Cardiac Tamponade)
      2. Needle Thoracostomy (Tension Pneumothorax)
    2. Calcium
      1. Calcium Chloride stabilizes Myocardium (e.g. Hyperkalemia)
    3. Blood (or fluid Resuscitation)
      1. NS or LR bolus (Hypovolemic shock)
    4. Thrombolytics
      1. Massive Pulmonary Embolism
    5. Glucose
      1. See Hypoglycemia Management
    6. Antidote
      1. See Toxin Antidote
  3. References
    1. Strayer in Herbert (2015) EM:Rap 15(8): 4-5