Pharm

Colchicine

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Colchicine, Colcrys

  • Indications
  1. Acute Gouty Arthritis (adjunct to NSAIDs)
  2. Gout prophylaxis (started with Allopurinol to prevent triggering acute attack)
  • Disadvantages
  1. Less viable option (too expensive) now that generic preparations were removed from the market
    1. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm227796.htm
    2. Use NSAIDs instead
  • Contraindications
  1. Severe renal or liver disease (see adverse effects below)
    1. If used, limit to the 3 dose protocol below and do not repeat for 2 weeks
    2. Do not use with Cyclosporine or Cytochrome P450 3A4 Inhibitor if severe liver or renal disease (lethal interaction)
  1. See Gout for prophylaxis protocol when starting allopurinal
  2. Tolerable Protocol (as adjunct to NSAIDs)
    1. Start within 24 hours of attack
    2. Option 1: Colchicine 0.6 mg orally twice daily
    3. Option 2: Colchicine 0.6 mg two taken immediately, then a third one hour later
      1. New protocol (2010) - recommended dosing for Colcrys
  3. Old Protocol (Not recommended - poorly tolerated due to Diarrhea, serious toxicity)
    1. Start: 1.0 mg given within 24 hours of attack
    2. Then: 0.5 mg each hour or 1.0 mg every 2 hours prn
  4. Endpoints
    1. Joint Pain improves
    2. Diarrhea
    3. Maximum Dose: 6 mg in 24 hours
  • Dosing
  • Renal dose adjustment
  1. GFR >50 ml/minute: 0.6 mg orally twice daily
  2. GFR 35-50 ml/minute: 0.6 mg orally once daily
  3. GFR 10-34 ml/minute: 0.6 mg orally every 2-3 days
  4. GFR <10 ml/minute: Do NOT use
  • Adverse Effects
  1. Gastrointestinal toxicity (limits dosing)
    1. Nausea or Vomiting
    2. Diarrhea
  2. Bone Marrow suppression (esp. if severe liver or renal disease)
  3. Reversible Axonal Neuromyopathy (1% of cases)
    1. Increased risk if severe liver or renal disease
  4. Alopecia
  • Monitoring
  • Baseline and repeated at 1 month
  • Drug Interactions
  1. Cyclosporine
  2. Cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors (e.g. Clarithromycin, Verapamil)
    1. Do not use with with Macrolides (e.g. Clarithromycin, Azithromycin, Erythromycin)
  3. Rhabdomyolysis risk
    1. Increased risk when combined with Statins or Clarithromycin
    2. Increased risk with older patients and those with Chronic Kidney Disease
  • References
  1. (2011) Presc Lett 18(12): 70
  2. Borstad (2004) J Rheumatol 31:2429-32 [PubMed]