Neuro

Piriformis Syndrome

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Piriformis Syndrome

  • See Also
  • Definitions
  1. Piriformis Syndrome
    1. Sciatic nerve impingement by the piriformis muscle (subset of Deep Gluteal Syndrome)
  • Causes
  1. Anatomic variant (sciatic nerve passes through piriformis muscle in 15% of patients)
  2. Decreased core Muscle Strength (buttocks)
  3. Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
  4. Local Trauma to piriformis muscle
  5. Pressure from wallet in pocket
  • Symptoms
  1. Posterior Hip Pain and buttock pain
  2. Pain worse with sitting
  3. Sciatica
    1. Burning pain radiating down posterior leg
  • Signs
  1. Pain on Internal rotation of hip against resistance
  2. Seated piriformis stretch may exacerbate pain
  • Diagnostics
  1. Consider MRI or electrodiagnostic nerve testing to identify entrapment location in refractory cases
  • Management
  1. Local measures (e.g. ice or heat)
  2. NSAIDs
  3. Core Muscle Strengthening Exercises
  4. Correct comorbid conditions (e.g. Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction)
  5. Local Corticosteroid Injection