Exam

Galeazzi Sign

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Galeazzi Sign, Galeazzi's Sign

  • Indication
  1. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip evaluation (identifies femur length discrepancy)
  • Mechanism
  1. Compare the 2 femur lengths
  • Preparation
  • Sit-up starting position
  1. Infant or child supine
  2. Hips and knees flexed with feet flat on examining table
  • Technique
  1. Observe for inequality of knee height
  2. Affected side will be lower than the normal side
  • Findings
  1. False negatives
    1. Bilateral hip disclocation (20% of cases)
  2. Inequality causes
    1. Congenital Hip Dislocation
    2. Femoral shortening