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Medication Causes of Hyperprolactinemia

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Medication Causes of Hyperprolactinemia, Medication Causes of Galactorrhea

  • Causes
  • Psychotropic Medications
  1. Benzodiazepines (e.g. Alprazolam)
  2. Buspirone (Buspar)
  3. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (e.g. Moclobemide)
  4. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
  5. Tricyclic Antidepressants (e.g. Amitriptyline)
  6. Butyrophenones (e.g. Haloperidol)
  7. Phenothiazines (e.g. Thorazine or Compazine)
  8. Thioxanthenes (e.g. Thiothixene)
  9. Antipsychotics - Second generation (Atypical Antipsychotics)
    1. Risperidone (Risperdal)
  10. Antipsychotics - First generation
    1. Haloperidol (Haldol) or Haloperidol decanoate
    2. Perphenazine (Trilafon)
    3. Thiothixene HCl (Navane)
    4. Fluphenazine HCl (Prolixin)
    5. Trifluoperazine (Stelazine)
    6. Loxapine (Loxitane)
    7. Molindone (Moban)
    8. Chlorpromazine HCl (Thorazine) - not available in U.S.
    9. Thioridazine HCl (Mellaril) - not available in U.S.
  • Causes
  • Neurologic Medications
  • Causes
  • Antihypertensives
  • Causes
  • Hormonal preparations
  1. Danazol (Danocrine)
  2. Estrogen (e.g. Premarin)
  3. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (e.g. Depo Provera)
  4. Oral Contraceptives
  • Causes
  • Gastrointestinal agents
  1. Metoclopramide (Reglan)
  2. H2 Blockers
    1. Cimetidine (Tagamet) - most common
    2. Famotidine (Pepcid)
    3. Ranitidine (Zantac)
  • Causes
  • Other medication causes
  1. Isoniazid
  2. Arginine
  3. Octreotide (Sandostatin)
  4. Rimantadine (Flumadine)
  • Causes
  • Herbal and Food Preparations
  1. Anise
  2. Blessed Thistle
  3. Fennel
  4. Fenugreek Seed
  5. Marshmallow
  6. Nettle
  7. Red Clover
  8. Red Raspberry