Urology Book

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Urine Specific Gravity

Aka: Urine Specific Gravity, Urine Dipstick Specific Gravity
  1. See Also
    1. Urinalysis
  2. Interpretation
    1. Normal Specific Gravity: 1.005-1.030
  3. Causes: Increased Specific Gravity (concentrated urine)
    1. Dehydration
    2. Fever
    3. Vomiting
    4. Diarrhea
    5. Diabetes Mellitus and other causes of Glycosuria
    6. Congestive Heart Failure
    7. Syndrome Inappropriate ADH Secretion (SIADH)
    8. Adrenal Insufficiency
    9. X-Ray contrast
  4. Causes: Decreased Specific Gravity (dilute urine)
    1. Diabetes Insipidus
    2. Excessive hydration
    3. Glomerulonephritis
    4. Pyelonephritis
    5. Diuretics
    6. Adrenal Insufficiency
    7. Aldosteronism
    8. Renal Insufficiency
    9. Water Intoxication
  5. Causes: Falsely Decreased specific gravity
    1. Alkaline urine
  6. Causes: Falsely Increased specific gravity
    1. Intravenous Dextran
    2. Intravenous radiopaque dye
    3. Proteinuria
    4. Phenazopyridine (Pyridium)
  7. References
    1. Hitzeman (2022) Am Fam Physician 106(1): 27-35 [PubMed]

Specific gravity measurement, urine (C0202517)

Concepts Laboratory Procedure (T059)
SnomedCT 167241008, 167245004, 144482008, 144478006, 20501000
Italian Peso specifico urinario
Dutch urine soortelijk gewicht, soortelijk gewicht urine
French Densité des urines, Densité urinaire
Portuguese Peso específico da urina, Densidade da urina
Japanese 尿比重, ニョウヒジュウ
English urine specific gravity (lab test), urine specific gravity, urinalysis results: specific gravity, Specific gravity urine, specific gravity urine test, gravity specific urine, urine specific gravity test, gravity specific test urine, specific gravity urine, gravity levels specific urine, Urine specific gravity NOS, Urine specific gravity NOS (procedure), Specific gravity -urine, Specific gravity-urine, Specific gravity of urine, Urine specific gravity (& level), Urine specific gravity (& level) (procedure), Urine Specific Gravity Test, Urinalysis, specific gravity measurement, Urine specific gravity level, Urine specific gravity, Urinalysis, specific gravity measurement (procedure), Specific gravity measurement, urine
Czech Specifická hmotnost moči
Hungarian Vizelet fajsúly
Spanish determinación de densidad urinaria específica, SAI, determinación de densidad urinaria específica, SAI (procedimiento), Urine specific gravity NOS, análisis de orina, medición de la densidad relativa (procedimiento), análisis de orina, medición de la densidad relativa, medición de la densidad relativa en orina, Densidad urinaria
German spezifisches Gewicht im Urin
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Urine dipstick for specific gravity (C0430383)

Concepts Laboratory Procedure (T059)
SnomedCT 390430001, 389698008, 252386004
English Urine dipstick - specific grav, Urine dipstick for specific gravity (situation), Urine dipstick for specific gravity, Urine dipstick for specific gravity (procedure)
Spanish determinación de densidad específica urinaria con tira reactiva (procedimiento), determinación de densidad específica urinaria con tira reactiva, tira reactiva para determinación de gravedad específica urinaria
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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