Prevention Book

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Automobile Safety

Aka: Automobile Safety, Cellular Phone Use While Driving, Impaired Driving, Drugged Driving, Drunk Driving
  1. See Also
    1. Car Seat
    2. Seat Belt
  2. Risk Factors: Impaired Driving
    1. Substance Abuse
    2. Night Workers
    3. Polypharmacy
  3. Causes: Cellular Phone Use While Driving
    1. Relative Risk of motor vehicle accident: 4.0 (n=699)
    2. References
      1. Redelmeier (1997) N Engl J Med 336:453-8 [PubMed]
        1. Case crossover study with possible biases in study
  4. Causes: Medications causing Impaired Driving (Drugged Driving)
    1. See Medication Use in the Elderly (e.g. Beers List)
    2. Substance Abuse or Chemical Intoxication (e.g. Alcohol, Marijuana, Methamphetamine, Cocaine)
    3. Highest risk prescription medications
      1. Barbiturates
      2. Benzodiazepines
      3. Muscle relaxants
      4. Opioids
      5. Benzodiazepines
      6. Sedative-Hypnotics (e.g. Ambien)
    4. Other sedating medications
      1. Anticonvulsants
      2. Antipsychotics
      3. Antiparkinsonism medications
  5. Causes: Medical Conditions causing Impaired Driving
    1. Exercise particular caution in older patients
      1. See Medication Use in the Elderly (e.g. Beers List)
    2. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    3. Diabetes Mellitus and Hypoglycemia
    4. Insomnia
    5. Seizure Disorder
      1. Most U.S. states require no driving for 3-12 months since last Seizure
      2. http://www.epilepsy.com/driving-laws
  6. References
    1. (2017) Presc Lett 25(1): 4

automobile safety (C0870180)

Concepts Idea or Concept (T078)
English automobile safety, Automobile safety, Car Safety, Car safety, Automobile Safety
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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