Pharmacology Book


Vitamin Deficiency

Aka: Vitamin Deficiency
  1. See Also
    1. Vitamin
    2. Vitamin Deficiency in Alcoholism
  2. Background
    1. Human body requires more than 40 essential nutrients it cannot synthesize
    2. Most nutrients are supplied in a typical well-rounded U.S. diet
    3. However, dietary restrictions (e.g. vegan), disease states and medications can result in deficiencies
      1. Vitamin Deficiency presentations can have subtle and vague presentations making diagnosis challenging
  3. Associated Conditions: B Vitamin Deficiency States
    1. Vitamin B1 Deficiency (Thiamine deficiency, Beriberi or Wernicke's Encephalopathy)
      1. Ataxia, Confusion, Ophthalmoplegia (lateral Gaze Palsy)
    2. Vitamin B2 Deficiency (Riboflavin Deficiency)
      1. Angular Cheilitis, Gingivitis, photophobia
    3. Vitamin B3 Deficiency (Niacin Deficiency or Pellagra)
      1. Diarrhea, dermatitis and Dementia (3 D's)
    4. Vitamin B6 Deficiency (Pyridoxine Deficiency)
      1. Glossitis, Peripheral Neuropathy
    5. Vitamin B9 Deficiency (Folic Acid Deficiency)
      1. Macrocytic Anemia (also caused by B12 Deficiency)
      2. Folic Acid Supplementation in Pregnancy
    6. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      1. Weakness, Peripheral Neuropathy, Ataxia, Dementia, macroyctic Anemia
      2. B12 Supplementation in Vegetarians and Vegans, Metformin, Antacids (PPI, H2 Blockers)
  4. Associated Conditions: Other Vitamin Deficiencies
    1. Vitamin A Deficiency (Retinol Deficiency)
      1. Night blindness
    2. Vitamin C Deficiency (Ascorbic Acid Deficiency or Scurvy)
      1. Bleeding Gums, Fatigue
    3. Vitamin D Deficiency
      1. Children: Rickets
      2. Adults: Osteoporosis
    4. Vitamin K Deficiency
      1. Bleeding Diathesis
  5. Associated Conditions: Vitamin Deficiency by underlying predisposition
    1. Alcoholism
      1. See Vitamin Deficiency in Alcoholism
      2. Vitamin A Deficiency (Retinol Deficiency)
      3. Vitamin C Deficiency (Scurvy)
      4. Vitamin B1 Deficiency (Thiamine deficiency, Wernicke's Encephalopathy)
      5. Vitamin B3 Deficiency (Niacin Deficiency, Pellegra)
      6. Vitamin B6 Deficiency (Pyridoxine deficiency)
      7. Vitamin B9 Deficiency (Folic Acid Deficiency)
      8. Vitamin B12 Deficiency (Cobalamin Deficiency, Pernicious Anemia)
    2. Celiac Sprue
      1. Iron Deficiency Anemia
      2. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      3. Folate Deficiency
    3. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
      1. Folate Deficiency
      2. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      3. Fat soluble Vitamin Deficiency
        1. Vitamin A Deficiency
        2. Vitamin D Deficiency
        3. Vitamin E Deficiency
        4. Vitamin K Deficiency
    4. Chronic Pancreatitis
      1. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      2. Zinc Deficiency
      3. Fat soluble Vitamin Deficiency
        1. Vitamin A Deficiency
        2. Vitamin D Deficiency
        3. Vitamin E Deficiency
        4. Vitamin K Deficiency
      4. References
        1. Rasmussen (2013) World J Gastroenterol 19(42): 7267–75 [PubMed]
    5. Bariatric Surgery
      1. Iron Deficiency Anemia
      2. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      3. Folate Deficiency
      4. Vitamin A Deficiency
      5. Vitamin D Deficiency
      6. Vitamin B1 Deficiency (Thiamine deficiency, Wernicke's Encephalopathy)
      7. Vitamin B6 Deficiency (Pyridoxine deficiency)
      8. Copper Deficiency
      9. Zinc Deficiency
    6. Vegan Diet
      1. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
      2. Folate Deficiency
      3. Zinc Deficiency
  6. References
    1. Rendon et al. (2017) Crit Dec Emerg Med 31(6): 15-21

Vitamin Deficiency (C1510471)

Definition (NCI) A disorder that is caused by the deficiency of a vitamin. The deficiency may result from either suboptimal vitamin intake or conditions that prevent the vitamin's use or absorption in the body. Representative examples include beriberi caused by thiamine deficiency, scurvy caused by vitamin C deficiency, and rickets caused by vitamin D deficiency.
Definition (CSP) condition due to a deficiency of one or more essential vitamins.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D001361
ICD9 269.2
ICD10 E56.9
SnomedCT 190595009, 154723007, 190654003, 85670002
English Deficiencies, Vitamin, Vitamin Deficiencies, Unspecified vitamin deficiency, HYPOVITAMINOSIS, Vitamin deficiency, unspecified, Vitamin Deficiency, VITAMIN DEFIC, DEFIC VITAMIN, vitamin deficiency, vitamin deficiency syndrome, vitamin deficiency (diagnosis), Deficiency vitamin, Vitamin deficiency NOS, Hypovitaminosis NOS, Vitamin Deficiency NOS, Deficiency;vitamin, Vitamin deficiencies, Unspecified vitamin deficiency (disorder), Hypovitaminosis, Vitamin deficiency, Vitamin deficiency (disorder), deficiency; vitamin, vitamin; deficiency, Hypovitaminosis, NOS, Vitamin deficiency, NOS, Vitamin Deficiency Disorders, Vitamin Deficiency Disorder, Deficiency, Vitamin, hypovitaminosis
Italian Ipovitaminosi, Carenza vitaminica non specificata, Ipovitaminosi NAS, Carenza vitaminica NAS, Carenza di vitamine, Carenza vitaminica
Dutch vitaminedeficiëntie, hypovitaminose NAO, vitaminedeficiëntie niet-gespecificeerd, vitaminedeficiëntie NAO, deficiëntie; vitamine, vitamine; deficiëntie, Vitaminedeficiëntie, niet gespecificeerd, hypovitaminose, Vitaminengebrek
French Carence en vitamines SAI, Carence en vitamines non précisées, Hypovitaminose SAI, Carence vitaminique, HYPOVITAMINOSE, Hypovitaminose, Carence en vitamines
German Hypovitaminose NNB, unspezifischer Vitaminmangel, Vitaminmangel NNB, Vitaminmangel, HYPOVITAMINOSE, Vitaminmangel, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Hypovitaminose
Portuguese Carência vitamínica NE, Hipovitaminose NE, Carência vitamínica, HIPOVITAMINOSE, Hipovitaminose, Deficiência Vitamínica
Spanish Deficiencia vitamínica, Déficit vitamínico NEOM, Déficit de vitaminas no especificado, Déficit vitamínico, Hipovitaminosis NEOM, HIPOVITAMINOSIS, deficiencia de vitamina no especificada, deficiencia de vitamina no especificada (trastorno), deficiencia de vitaminas, deficiencia no especificada de vitamina (trastorno), deficiencia no especificada de vitamina, deficiencia vitamínica, hipovitaminosis (trastorno), hipovitaminosis, Hipovitaminosis, Deficiencia Vitamínica
Japanese ビタミン欠乏症NOS, ビタミン欠乏症, ビタミン欠乏、詳細不明, ビタミン欠乏, ビタミン欠乏NOS, ビタミンケツボウNOS, ビタミンケツボウショウNOS, ビタミンケツボウショウサイフメイ, ビタミンケツボウ, ビタミンケツボウショウ
Czech Hypovitaminóza, Hypovitaminóza NOS, Deficit vitaminu, Blíže neurčený deficit vitaminu, Deficit vitaminu NOS, nedostatek vitamínů, vitamínový deficit, vitamínový nedostatek, deficit vitamínu
Korean 상세불명의 비타민 결핍증
Hungarian Vitamin-hiány, Vitamin hiány k.m.n., Hypovitaminosis, Nem meghatározott vitaminhiány, Vitaminhiány, Hypovitaminosis k.m.n.
Norwegian Vitaminmangel, Hypovitaminose
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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