Orthopedics Book

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Toddler Fracture

Aka: Toddler Fracture, Toddlers Fracture, Toddler's Fracture
  1. See Also
    1. Pediatric Limp
  2. Definition
    1. Toddler Fracture
      1. Distal tibia spiral Fracture in ambulatory children under age 3 years
  3. Epidemiology
    1. Most common Fracture in age 9 months to 3 years that present with a limp (29%)
    2. Not suspicious for abuse (contrast with other spiral Fractures)
  4. Presentation
    1. Typically child Running, falls, and is then non-ambulatory or with painful ambulation
    2. Typically follows minimal or unwitnessed Trauma
  5. Signs
    1. Provocative maneuvers
      1. Tenderness to palpation over the mid to distal tibia
      2. Passive dorsiflexion of ipsilateral foot
      3. Tibia twisting by rotating foot while holding knee stable
  6. Differential Diagnosis
    1. See Pediatric Limp
  7. Imaging: Ankle XRay
    1. Spiral Fracture of distal tibia (best seen on internal oblique view)
      1. May be occult Fracture (normal initial xray in 40% of cases)
      2. Repeat XRay in 7-10 days
  8. Management
    1. Typical management
      1. Posterior long leg splint for 5-7 days, THEN
      2. Long leg cast
    2. Some recommend below knee walking cast for 3 weeks
  9. References
    1. (2018) Crit Dec Emerg Med 37(5): 3-14
    2. Latessa (2012) AAFP Board Review Express, San Jose

Toddler fracture (C2862185)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
ICD10 S82.24
English Toddler fracture
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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