Orthopedics Book


Gastrocnemius Tear

Aka: Gastrocnemius Tear, Partial Gastrocnemius Disruption, Medial Gastrocnemius Rupture, Tennis Leg
  1. Epidemiology
    1. Occurs more commonly in athletes over 30 years old
  2. Predisposing factors
    1. Commonly seen in Tennis (Tennis Leg)
    2. Running on hill
    3. Forced push-off (jumping)
  3. Pathophysiology
    1. Proximal partial gastrocnemius-soleus Muscle tear
      1. Affects medial head of Gastrocnemius
      2. Localized to musculotendinous junction
  4. Signs
    1. Tenderness and swelling at medial gastrocnemius
    2. Negative Thompson's Test
  5. Differential Diagnosis
    1. Heel Pain
    2. Achilles Tendonitis
    3. Achilles Tendon Rupture
  6. Management
    1. Heel lift (1/2 inch)
    2. Calf sleeve
    3. Isometric calf contractions in plantar flexion
    4. Gentle calf Stretching
  7. Course
    1. Anticipate 3-6 weeks for recovery
  8. References
    1. Lecture: Kimmel (1997) AAFP Sports Medicine Review

Rupture of gastrocnemius tendon (C0434359)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
SnomedCT 209526005, 262981001
English Rupt gastrocnemius tendon, rupture of gastrocnemius tendon (diagnosis), rupture of gastrocnemius tendon, gastrocnemius tendon rupture, torn gastrocnemius, Gastrocnemius tendon rupture, Rupture of gastrocnemius tendon, Torn gastrocnemius, Rupture of gastrocnemius tendon (disorder)
Spanish ruptura de tendón de músculo gastrocnemio, ruptura del tendón del gemelo (trastorno), ruptura de tendón de músculo gemelo (trastorno), ruptura de tendón de músculo gemelo, ruptura del tendón del gemelo
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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