Pulmonology Book


Cheyne-Stokes Respiration

Aka: Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
  1. Signs
    1. Alternating hyperpnea and apnea at regular intervals (30 second to 2 minute cycles)
    2. Smooth waxing and waning in depth of respiration
  2. Pathophysiology
    1. Bilateral Cerebral Hemisphere dysfunction or
    2. Diencephalon dysfunction (posterior forebrain structures including the Thalamus)
  3. Causes
    1. Cerebrovascular Accident
    2. Traumatic Brain Injury
    3. Intracranial Mass
    4. Congestive Heart Failure
    5. Metabolic encephalopathy
    6. Medications (e.g. Morphine)
    7. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

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