Cardiovascular Medicine Book

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Transcutaneous Pacing

Aka: Transcutaneous Pacing
  1. See Also
    1. Unstable Bradycardia
  2. Indications
    1. Refractory Unstable Bradycardia
    2. Third Degree Atrioventricular Block
    3. Torsades de Pointes (Overdrive Pacing)
  3. Technique
    1. Apply pacer pads (Defibrillator/cardioversion pads) in Anterior-Posterior Positioning
    2. Connect pads to monitor
    3. Start Procedural Sedation and Analgesia (current >50 mA is intolerable without sedation)
    4. Turn pacing rate to 60 to 80 bpm or (>30 beats per minute above the patient's intrinsic Heart Rate)
    5. Set the current starting at 10 mA and increase in 10 mA intervals until capture is indicated on the monitor
      1. Current of 50 to 100 mA is usually required
      2. Increase current 10 mA above the capture threshold
    6. If capture is not reached by current of 120 to 130 mA, stop, reposition pads, and restart at 70 mA
  4. Resources
    1. Transcutaneous Pacing (Nickson, Life in the Fastlane)
      1. https://litfl.com/transcutaneous-pacing/
    2. Transcutaneous Pacing (Open Anesthesia)
      1. https://www.openanesthesia.org/transcutaneous_pacing/

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