V. Causes: Musculoskeletal

VI. Causes: Sports Specific Injury

  1. Baseball
    1. Shoulder Injury (e.g. Rotator Cuff Tendonitis, Shoulder Labral Tear)
    2. Elbow Injury (e.g. Medial Epicondyle Apophysitis, Medial Epicondylitis)
  2. Basketball
    1. Ankle Injury (e.g. Ankle Sprain)
    2. Finger Injury (e.g. Jammed Finger)
  3. Bicycling
    1. See Bicycling
  4. Bowling
    1. Shoulder Injury (e.g. Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy)
    2. Elbow Injury (e.g. Medial Epicondylitis or Bowler's Elbow)
    3. Wrist Injury (e.g. wrist Tendonitis)
    4. Ulnar Neuropathy of the thumb (Bowler's Thumb)
    5. Low Back Pain
  5. Boxing or Mixed Martial Arts
    1. Closed Head Injury or Concussion
    2. Facial Lacerations
    3. Shoulder Injury (e.g. Shoulder Dislocation)
    4. Extensor Tendon Sagittal Band Tear (Boxer's Knuckle)
    5. Finger Fracture
    6. Knee Injury (e.g. Ligamentous Injury)
    7. Toe Fracture
  6. Cheerleading
    1. Closed Head Injury or Concussion
    2. Ankle Injury
    3. Low Back Pain (e.g. Spondylolysis)
      1. See Adolescent Back Pain
  7. Football
    1. Closed Head Injury or Concussion
    2. Knee Injury (e.g. Ligamentous Injury, Meniscal tear)
  8. Golf
    1. See Golf Injuries
  9. Hockey
    1. Closed Head Injury or Concussion
    2. Ankle Injury (e.g. Ankle Sprain)
    3. Shoulder Injury (e.g. AC Joint Separation)
    4. Hamstring Strain
    5. Knee Injury (e.g. MCL Strain)
  10. Inline Skating
    1. See Inline Skating Injury
  11. Lacrosse
    1. Closed Head Injury or Concussion
    2. Ankle Injury (e.g. Ankle Sprain)
    3. Knee Injury (e.g. Ligamentous Injury)
    4. Rib Fracture or Contusion
  12. Running
    1. See Running Injury
  13. Scuba Diving
    1. See Scuba Diving Injury
  14. Soccer
    1. Knee Injury (e.g. Ligamentous Injury)
    2. Adductor Strain
    3. Ankle Sprain
  15. Swimming
    1. Shoulder Injury (e.g. Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy)
    2. Knee Injury (MCL Strain or Swimmer's Knee)
  16. Skiing
    1. See Downhill Skiing Injury or Snowboarding Injury
    2. See Nordic Skiing
    3. See Knee Injury in Downhill Skiing
  17. Surfing
    1. See Surfing Injury
  18. Tennis
    1. Ankle Injury (e.g. Ankle Sprain)
    2. Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)
    3. Low Back Pain
    4. Patellar Tendonitis
  19. Wrestling
    1. Auricular Hematoma
    2. Facial Laceration
    3. Prepatellar Bursitis
    4. Knee Injury (e.g. Ligamentous Injury)

VII. References

  1. Amores (2021) Crit Dec Emerg Med 35(11): 19-24
  2. Dreis (2020) Crit Dec Emerg Med 34(7):3-21

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