II. Coral-related injury and illness

  1. Lacerations
    1. Aggressively irrigate Laceration site
    2. Apply Hydrogen Peroxide
    3. Clear lesion of any foreign material
    4. Apply topical antibiotic
    5. Anticipate poor healing due to factors below
    6. Observe for secondary complications as below
  2. Coral Envenomation
    1. Due to multiple organisms in the reef
    2. Causes local pain, Pruritus and erythema
    3. Apply acetic acid to reduce stinging pain
  3. Coral Reef Granuloma
    1. Wound hyperplasia secondary to tropical infection
    2. Due to tropical Streptococcus or Staphylococcus
  4. Infections
    1. Treat Skin Infections if present
    2. Cover for Vibrio Cellulitis

III. References

  1. Brown in Rakel (2005) Conn's Current Therapy, p. 1314

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Ontology: Coral (C0324034)

Definition (MSH) Species of ANTHOZOA which secrete a skeleton and are responsible for the formation of CORAL REEFS.
Definition (CSP) calcareous or horny skeletal deposit produced by anthozoan or rarely hydrozoan polyps; a polyp or polyp colony together with its membranes and skeleton.
Concepts Eukaryote (T204)
MSH D037421
SnomedCT 50453009
French Corail, Coraux
Czech koráli
Portuguese Corais
Spanish Corales, coral (organismo), coral
German Korallen
English coral, corals, Coral (organism), Coral, NOS, Corals, Coral
Italian Coralli
Norwegian Koraller
Dutch Koralen

Ontology: Coral injury (C0406224)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
SnomedCT 238533000
English coral injuries, coral injury, Coral injury, Coral injury (disorder)
Spanish lesión coral (trastorno), lesión coral

Ontology: Coral dermatitis (C0413141)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
SnomedCT 279353003
English Coral dermatitis, Coral dermatitis (disorder)
Spanish dermatitis coral (trastorno), dermatitis coral

Ontology: Coral Reefs (C2936266)

Definition (MSH) Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.
Concepts Natural Phenomenon or Process (T070)
MSH D057894
English Coral Reef, Reefs, Coral, Coral Reefs, Reef, Coral
French Récifs de corail, Récifs de coraux, Récifs coralliens
German Korallenbaenke, Korallenriffs, Korallenbänke
Czech korálové útesy, korálový útes
Spanish Arrecifes de Coral, Arrecifes Coralinos, Bancos de Coral
Portuguese Recifes de Corais, Bancos de Corais, Recifes Coralinos, Recifes de Coral, Bancos Coralinos, Bancos de Coral, Arrecifes de Coral, Arrecifes Coralinos, Arrecifes de Corais
Polish Rafy koralowe
Italian Barriere coralline
Norwegian Korallrev