II. Indications

  1. Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis
  2. Distinguishes renal from extra-renal causes

III. Physiology: Measures unmeasured anions present in urine

  1. Ammonium (not excreted in Renal Tubular Acidosis)
  2. Sulfates
  3. Phosphates
  4. Bicarbonates
  5. Organic anions
    1. Lactate
    2. Citrate

IV. Calculation

V. Interpretation: Normal

  1. UAG = -10 to +10

VI. Interpretation

  1. Decreased Urine Anion Gap <-10
    1. Extrarenal Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis (e.g. gastrointestinal bicarbonate losses)
  2. Increased Urine Anion Gap >+10
    1. Renal Non-Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis (Urine pH will also be >6.0)
    2. Causes
      1. Type 1 Renal Tubular Acidosis
      2. Type 4 Renal Tubular Acidosis (Hypoaldosteronism)
      3. Renal Failure

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Related Studies

Ontology: urine anion gap measurement (C2123536)

Concepts Laboratory Procedure (T059)
English urine anion gap measurement (lab test), urine anion gap measurement