II. Pathophysiology

III. Causes

  1. Artifact (low Anion Gap)
  2. Metabolic and Endocrine
    1. Hyperparathyroidism
    2. Renal Tubular Acidosis
    3. Metabolic Acidosis
    4. Hypernatremia
  3. Gastrointestinal
    1. Dehydration
    2. Prolonged Diarrhea
    3. Loss of pancreatic secretion
    4. Ileal loops
    5. Ureteral colonic anastomosis
  4. Medications
    1. Bromide Intoxication
      1. Nervine
      2. Sominex
    2. Acetazolamide
      1. Carbonic anhydrase inhibition
    3. Boric Acid
    4. Triamterene
    5. Ammonium Chloride
    6. Excess IV Normal Saline

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies

Ontology: Hyperchloremia (C0085679)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 E87.8
SnomedCT 74450001
English HYPERCHLORAEMIA, HYPERCHLOREMIA, Increased chloride levels, hyperchloremia, hyperchloremia (diagnosis), chloride increased levels, Hyperchloremia, Hyperchloraemia, Hyperchloremia (disorder)
Italian Ipercloremia
Japanese 高クロール血症, コウクロールケツショウ, コウクロールケッショウ
Portuguese HIPERCLOREMIA, Hipercloremia
Spanish HIPERCLOREMIA, hipercloremia (trastorno), hipercloremia, Hipercloremia
German HYPERCHLORAEMIE, Hyperchloraemie
French HYPERCHLOREMIE, Hyperchlorémie
Czech Hyperchloremie
Hungarian Hyperchloraemia
Dutch hyperchloremie