II. Pathophysiology

  1. Serum Chloride 1 meq/L drop: 1% all body Chloride fall

III. Causes

  1. Metabolic Alkalosis
    1. Vomiting
    2. Diarrhea
    3. Diuretics
    4. Gastric suction (NG Suction)
    5. Respiratory losses
    6. Steroid medications
  2. Hyponatremia
    1. Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)
    2. Edematous States
      1. Congestive Heart Failure
    3. Salt-losing nephritis
    4. SIADH
    5. Renal Failure
    6. Pseudohyponatremia
    7. Excessive sweating
    8. Excessive IV D5W
    9. Thiazide Diuretics
    10. Burns

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Related Studies

Ontology: Hypochloremia (disorder) (C0085680)

Definition (CSP) abnormally low level of chloride in the blood.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 E87.8
SnomedCT 10399008
English HYPOCHLORAEMIA, HYPOCHLOREMIA, hypochloremia (diagnosis), hypochloremia, Hypochloremia (disorder), Hypochloremia, Hypochloraemia
Italian Ipocloremia
Spanish Hipocloremia, HIPOCLOREMIA, hipocloremia (trastorno), hipocloremia, Hipocloridemia
Japanese 低クロール血症, テイクロールケッショウ, テイクロールケツショウ
Portuguese HIPOCLOREMIA, Hipocloremia
German HYPOCHLORAEMIE, Hypochloraemie
French HYPOCHLOREMIE, Hypochlorémie
Czech Hypochloremie
Hungarian Hypochloraemia
Dutch hypochlooremie